Eco-labelling of supermarkets in the Nordic
The Nordic countries, consisting of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland
and Iceland, started the development of a common voluntary Eco-label
called "the Swan" in 1989.
The label covers individual criteria both for different kinds of products
like paper, cleaning agents etc. , and for services/ businesses like
hotels or restaurants. In June 2003, the Nordic Eco-labelling Council
finalised a set of criteria and rules applicable for eco-labelling of
By being Swan-labelled, supermarkets in the Nordic countries can
send a signal to consumers saying : "Here is the proof for being one
of the most environmentally friendly choices when shopping for groceries
and other products that you need on a daily basis".
The results of the Swan-labelling the supermarkets
Consumers will find it easier to make an environmentally good choice;
The environmental impact of supermarkets in the Nordic countries will
Eco-labelling of retail trade in the EU countries
In 2002, the official European Eco-label, the Flower, managed by the
EU Eco-labelling Board (EUEB), celebrated it's 10 th anniversary.
Almost at the same time, COGITA began working on the project ECOTRADE,
co-financed by EU, through the LIFE- Environment program. The objective
of ECOTRADE is to develop a set of criteria that can be used by EUEB
to implement an official eco-label for retail for shops in the EU.
The expected results of the project's implementation
An environmental assessment method for retail
- A voluntary eco-labelling scheme (to be
completed in 2004);
- A reduction in the environmental impact of retail trade.
For more information, see